Regimen is considered appropriate as part of the standard care of patients; meaningfully improves outcomes (survival, quality of life), tolerability or costs compared to alternatives (recommended by the Disease Site Team and national consensus body e.g. pan-Canadian Oncology Drug Review, pCODR). Recommendation is based on an appropriately conducted phase III clinical trial relevant to the Canadian context OR (where phase III trials are not feasible) an appropriately sized phase II trial. Regimens where one or more drugs are not approved by Health Canada for any indication will be identified under Rationale and Use.
- For the treatment of metastatic enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours in adult patients with grade 1 or a subset of grade 2 (equivalent to Ki67 < 10%) unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic disease to slow progression. No survival benefit was seen; there are few data on patients with hindgut tumours.
- Treatment of adult patients with carcinoid syndrome; when used, lanreotide reduces the administration frequency of short-acting somatostatin analog rescue therapy
|lanreotide||120 mg||Subcut||Day 1|
Doses should be modified according to the protocol by which the patient is being treated.
If patients are being treated with lanreotide for enteropancreatic NETs, do not give an additional dose for the treatment of carcinoid syndrome.
Dosage with toxicity
No dosage adjustment required. The drug should be discontinued in the case of disease progression or severe adverse events.
In acromegaly patients, lanreotide clearance is reduced by 30% in patients with moderate to severe hepatic impairment. Patients with neuroendocrine tumours or carcinoid tumours and hepatic impairment have not been studied.
Suggested dosage adjustment:
|Hepatic impairment||Lanreotide starting dose (mg)|
|Mild (Child-Pugh A)||Use with caution as no data|
|Moderate to severe (Child-Pugh B or C)||Use with caution as no data*|
*in acromegaly, a dose of 60 mg is recommended.
Lanreotide clearance was not affected in patients with neuroendocrine tumours and mild or moderate renal impairment. Patients with carcinoid syndrome and renal impairment have not been studied.
Suggested dosage adjustment:
|Renal impairment (CrCl in ml/min)||Enteropancreatic NET starting dose (mg)||Carcinoid syndrome starting dose (mg)|
|Mild to moderate (CrCl ≥ 30)||120||Use with caution as no data|
|Severe (CrCl < 30)||Use with caution as no data*||Use with caution as no data*|
*in acromegaly, a dose of 60mg is recommended.
Dosage in the Elderly
Increases in half-life and mean residence time were observed in healthy subjects over 65 years of age, with no change in either AUC or Cmax. No effect of age on clearance and volume of distribution was observed in pharmacokinetics analysis with NET patients aged 65-85 years. Clinical studies did not include sufficient patients to evaluate the impact of age.
Dosage adjustment is not necessary.
Refer to lanreotide drug monograph(s) for additional details of adverse effects
Less common (10-24%)
Uncommon (< 10%),
but may be severe or life-threatening
Refer to lanreotide drug monograph(s) for additional details
- Lanreotide is extensively metabolized in the GI tract after biliary excretion and may reduce intestinal absorption of co-administered drugs.
- Intestinal absorption of oral cyclosporine may be delayed; monitor cyclosporine levels and adjust the dose as required or switch to IV cyclosporine.
- Bromocriptine absorption may be altered; caution and monitor for bromocriptine toxicity.
- Caution & monitor with hypoglycemic agents; adjust dose of hypoglycemic agent as required.
- Increased risk of bradycardia when used with drugs that may decrease heart rate (e.g. beta blockers); dose adjustment of concomitant drugs may be necessary.
Refer to lanreotide drug monograph(s) for additional details
- Lanreotide should be injected by deep subcutaneous route in the superior external quadrant of the buttock
- In the case of self-administration (with appropriate training), the injection may be given in the upper outer thigh
- The injection site should be alternated between right and left sides
- If a dose is missed, the next dose should be administered as soon as possible
- The drug should be stored under refrigeration (2-8oC) in its original package
- Patients who are hypersensitive to this drug or any ingredients in the formulation
- Patients who are hypersensitive to somatostatin or related peptides
- Patients with complicated, untreated lithiasis of the bile ducts
- Use with caution and monitor blood glucose closely in patients with diabetes.
- Exercise caution when driving or operating machinery while on treatment, as headache and dizziness were most commonly reported.
Pregnancy & lactation:
- Lanreotide is not recommended for use in pregnancy given limited clinical experience. Adequate contraception should be used by both sexes during treatment, and for at least 6 months after the last dose.
- Breastfeeding is not recommended.
Treating physicians may decide to monitor more or less frequently for individual patients but should always consider recommendations from the product monograph.
Recommended Clinical Monitoring
- Blood glucose; Baseline and at each visit; more frequent in diabetic patients
- Gallbladder ultrasound; Baseline and periodic
- Heart rate; Baseline and at each visit; more frequent in patients with cardiac disorders
- Thyroid function tests; as clinically indicated
- Clinical toxicity assessment for GI effects, injection site reactions, CNS effects, hypertension; at each visit
Grade toxicity using the current NCI-CTCAE (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events) version
Outpatient prescription; drug administration at Cancer Centre or physician's office
Caplin ME, Pavel M, Cwikla JB, et al. Lanreotide in metastatic enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. N Engl J Med 2014;371:224-33.
Fisher GA Jr., Wolin EM, Liyanage N, et al. Patient-Reported Symptom Control of Diarrhea and Flushing in Patients with Neuroendocrine Tumors Treated with Lanreotide Depot/Autogel: Results from a Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind and 32-Week Open-Label Study. Oncologist. 2018 Jan;23(1):16-24.
Vinik AI, Wolin EM, Liyanage N, et al. Evaluation of Lanreotide Depot/Autogel efficacy and safety as a carcinoid syndrome treatment (ELECT): a randomized, double-bind, placebo-controlled trial. Endocr Pract. 2016 Sep;22(9):1068-80.
Lanreotide drug monograph, Cancer Care Ontario.
June 2019 Updated emetic risk category
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