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CAPEDOCE

Cancer Type: Breast     Intent: Palliative
Regimen Category: Evidence-Informed
Funding
ODB - General Benefit
    capecitabine
New Drug Funding Program
    Docetaxel - Metastatic Breast Cancer
Regimen Information Sheet

Capecitabine-DOCEtaxel Treatment


This document provides general information about your cancer treatment. It does not replace the advice of your health care professional. Always discuss your therapy with your health care team.
 
What medications are in this treatment?
  • This treatment consists of Capecitabine and DOCEtaxel.
  • Refer to the medication information sheet for each drug for more information.
What is this treatment for?
  • Capecitabine-DOCEtaxel is a drug combination for treating breast cancer.
What should I do before I have this treatment?

 

  • It is important to tell your oncologist about any other medical conditions you have, as some conditions may affect therapy with this treatment.
  • Your doctor will prescribe dexamethasone tablets for you to take at home before and after each Docetaxel injection, to help prevent allergic reactions and water retention. It is very important that you take these tablets exactly as directed by your doctor so that you don’t experience these side-effects.

 

How will this treatment affect sex, pregnancy and breastfeeding?

 

  • Since these medications may harm your baby if used during pregnancy, women who have not yet reached menopause should use effective forms of birth control while being treated. Do not use birth control pills.  Please discuss this with your oncologist.
  • If you become pregnant, tell your oncologist right away.
  • Do not breastfeed while undergoing treatment.
  • Also, if you plan to have children, discuss this with your oncologist before starting your first treatment, as chemotherapy may affect your fertility and your chances of having a baby in the future.

 

How is this treatment given?
  • Your oncologist will determine how many treatment cycles you need depending on how you respond to and tolerate the chemotherapy. Each cycle lasts 3 weeks (21 days).
  • You will receive Docetaxel through a vein in your arm (IV) on the first day (Day 1) of each cycle.
  • Capecitabine tablets are to be taken twice daily from Day 1 to 14 of each treatment cycle. Capecitabine tablets come in 2 strengths (150mg and 500mg). A combination of both strengths may be needed to get the dose that is right for you.
  • Days 15 to 21 are rest days.
  • You will have a blood test before each treatment to check if your blood counts are high enough for you to receive the next cycle of chemotherapy.
What else do I need to know while on this treatment?
  • Capecitabine will make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Limit the amount of sunlight to which you are exposed. Apply sunscreen with UVA and UVB protection and a SPF of at least 30. Use a lip balm with sunscreen for your lips. Wear long sleeved shirts, long pants and hats.
  • Capecitabine tablets should be taken within 30 minutes after a meal and swallowed whole with water.
  • All patients will experience some hair loss. This generally starts 2 to 3 weeks after the first injection. Your scalp may feel tender. It’s a good idea to consider a wig or other head covering before starting treatment. Hair loss on your face (e.g. eyebrows, eyelashes) and body can also occur.
  • Medications in this regimen may make your periods heavier or lighter. Your periods may even stop completely. This may be permanent. You may develop symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness, mood swings and changes in sexual desire. Please discuss any concerns with your nurse or oncologist.
  • Tell your oncologist, nurse, and pharmacist about any other prescription and non-prescription medications you are currently taking. Check with your oncologist, nurse or pharmacist before you start taking any new drugs, including herbal or alternative treatments. Also, tell other healthcare professionals you are seeing about the chemotherapy you are receiving.
  • Due to increased risk of developing infections, check with your oncologist before having any vaccinations. Also check with your oncologist before any surgery or dental work.
  • If you are taking ASA (Aspirin®, acetylsalicylic acid), please discuss this with your oncologist as this may interfere with your chemotherapy treatment. For headache or occasional aches and pains, use acetaminophen (Tylenol®) instead of ASA.

 

How should I safely store these medications?

 

  • Store capecitabine tablets away from heat, light, and moisture. Keep out of reach of children.

 

What are the side effects of this treatment?

The table below lists some common or important side effects with this treatment.  You may not have all of the side effects. Other side effects may occur. If you have any unusual or bothersome symptoms, discuss with your doctor.

 
Side effects and what to doWhen to contact doctor?
More Common Side Effects

Hair thinning or loss 

  • Generally starts 2 to 3 weeks after the first injection.
  • Use a gentle shampoo and a soft hairbrush. Avoid dyes, perms, bleaches and hair sprays.
  • Protect your scalp from sun exposure and cold weather.
  • This is expected. Your hair usually grows back after your chemotherapy is finished, but hair loss may be permanent in rare cases.
Contact your health care team if no improvement or if severe

Diarrhea

  • May happen while you are taking Capecitabine
  • Limit hot, spicy, and fried foods; limit foods and drinks with caffeine.
  • Drink plenty of fluids. STOP taking Capecitabine and Phone your doctor if diarrhea lasts longer than 24 hours.
  • See Diarrhea pamphlet.*
Contact your health care team if no improvement or if severe

Water retention in arms and legs

  • May occur a few days after treatment of Docetaxel
  • Your doctor will order medications to prevent fluid retention
  • Elevate your feet while sitting
  • Contact your doctor or nurse as soon as possible
Contact your health care team as soon as possible (office hours)

Heartburn

  • Take Capectabine tablets with food.
  • Contact your doctor if this become troublesome.
Contact your health care team if no improvement or if severe

Tiredness or Weakness; Lack of energy

  • May increase with the number of cycles given.
  • Eat well-balanced meals. Some mild exercise, such as walking, may help.
  • Rest when feeling tired or weak. Don't drive a motor vehicle or operate machinery.
  • Your energy level will improve over time. However, it may take a few months for the tiredness to go away even after your chemotherapy is finished.
Contact your health care team if no improvement or if severe

Thin, reddened skin on the hands or feet ;
Pain or discomfort in the hands or feet

  • May start after a few cycles of treatment
  • Rest often, keeping off your feet
  • Wear loose footwear
  • Use a moisturizing cream on your hands and feet
  • See Hand-Foot Syndrome pamphlet.*
  • STOP taking Capecitabine if you have any pain or if your symptoms are interfering with your regular activities. Call your oncologist or nurse for further instructions.
Contact your health care team if no improvement or if severe

Sores in the mouth or the lips

  • May occur a few days after treatment begins.
  • Maintain good mouth hygiene. Brush teeth often with a soft toothbrush.
  • Avoid hot, spicy and acidic foods.
  • Avoid commercial mouthwashes. See Mouth Care pamphlet.*
  • Check with your oncologist or nurse as soon as you notice sores on lips or tongue and in the mouth.
Contact your health care team as soon as possible (office hours)

Muscle or joint pain

  • May happen after a few days after each docetaxel treatment and may last up to 4 days.
  • Take 1-2 Acetaminophen tablets every 4 hours if needed for pain.
  • Contact your oncologist if this becomes bothersome.
Contact your health care team if no improvement or if severe

Nausea and vomiting

  • Usually mild with this regimen. It may occur within the first 24 hours of your treatment and may wear off in 3-7 days.
  • You may need to take prescribed medicine for nausea and vomiting.
  • Continue drinking clear fluids. Get fresh air and rest.
  • If you vomit within 1 hour of taking anti-vomiting tablets, you may take another dose.
  • A suppository may be ordered if you can't keep pills down.
  • Phone your oncologist if vomiting lasts more than 24 hours or nausea longer than 48 hours.
  • See Nausea and Vomiting pamphlet.*
Contact your healthcare team if nausea lasts more than 48 hours or vomiting lasts more than 24 hours

Signs of infection, for example, fever, chills, cough, sore throat

  • The risk of infection is greatest between days 8 to 21.
  • Limit contact with people who are sick or have colds. Wash your hands often.
  • Phone your oncologist or go to the closest emergency room right away if you have a fever*
  • *You have a fever if your temperature taken in your mouth (oral temperature) is:
  • 38.3°C (100.9°F) or higher at any time OR
  • 38.0°C (or 100.4°F) or higher for at least one hour.
  • While you are getting chemotherapy treatments:
  • Keep a digital thermometer at home and take your temperature if you feel hot or unwell (for example, chills).
  • Avoid taking medications that treat a fever before you take your temperature (for example, Tylenol®, acetaminophen, Advil® or ibuprofen) as they may hide a fever.
  • Do not eat or drink anything hot or cold right before taking your temperature.
  • Check with your doctor before getting any vaccines, surgeries, medical procedures or visiting your dentist.
Get emergency medical help right away

Prickly/tingly feeling or numbness in the hands or feet

  • This sometimes starts after a few treatments
  • Usually mild and temporary, gradually goes away.
  • Be careful when handling items that are sharp, hot or cold.
  • Check with your oncologist or nurse if this is bothersome and affecting your daily living.
Contact your health care team if no improvement or if severe

Nail changes

  • Your fingernails and toenails may change colour (yellow-orange) or become brittle a few weeks after the 1st treatment.
  • This will return to normal after you have completed the chemotherapy.
Contact your health care team if no improvement or if severe
 
Side effects and what to doWhen to contact doctor?
Less Common Side Effects, but may be Severe

Lung problems
(increased cough, breathing problems, chest pain, coughing blood)

Get emergency medical help right away

For more links on how to manage your symptoms go to www.cancercare.on.ca/symptoms.

The information set out in the medication information sheets, regimen information sheets, and symptom management information(for patients) contained in the Drug Formulary (the "Formulary") is intended to be used by health professionals and patients for informational purposes only. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or side effects of a certain drug, nor should it be used to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for a given condition.

A patient should always consult a healthcare provider if he/she has any questions regarding the information set out in the Formulary. The information in the Formulary is not intended to act as or replace medical advice and should not be relied upon in any such regard. All uses of the Formulary are subject to clinical judgment and actual prescribing patterns may not follow the information provided in the Formulary.