Ontario Lung Screening Program Frequently Asked Questions for Healthcare Providers
Find answers to frequently asked questions about the importance of organized lung cancer screening and the Ontario Lung Screening Program on this page.
To find lung cancer screening resources, including those for radiologists, see Lung Cancer Screening Information for Healthcare Providers.
Why is lung cancer screening for people at high risk needed in Ontario?
What is a low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) scan?
Why is low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) used for lung cancer screening for people at high risk of getting lung cancer?
What are the potential benefits and risks of screening people at high risk of getting lung cancer with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT)?
Will the Ontario Lung Screening Program be expanded?
How does the Ontario Lung Screening Program determine eligibility?
Why does the eligibility for the Ontario Lung Screening Program differ from the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST)?
What should healthcare providers do if they have patients who may be eligible for screening, but are not located near an Ontario Lung Screening Program site hospital?
What should radiologists from hospitals not participating in the Ontario Lung Screening Program do if they get a requisition for a computed tomography (CT) scan for lung cancer screening?
How should a healthcare provider manage a patient with lung nodules identified on an opportunistic screening computed tomography (CT) scan?
What was the Lung Cancer Screening Pilot for People at High Risk?
- Ontario Health (Cancer Care Ontario). Ontario Cancer Statistics 2020. Toronto: Ontario Health (Cancer Care Ontario); 2020
- Cancer System Quality Index [Internet]. Toronto (ON). Cancer survival [2020; cited 2021 Apr]. Available from: https://www.csqi.on.ca/en/2020/indicators/cancer-survival
- Roberts H, Walker-Dilks C, Sivjee K, Ung Y, Yasufuku K, Hey A, et al. Screening High-Risk Populations for Lung Cancer: Guideline Recommendations. J Thorac Oncol [Internet]. 2013 Oct;8(10):1232–7. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1556086415330148?via%3Dihub
- Aberle D, Adams A, Berg C, Black W, Clapp J, Fagerstrom R, et al. Reduced lung-cancer mortality with low-dose computed tomographic screening. N Engl J Med. 2011 Aug;365(5):395–409.
- Radiologyinfo.org [Internet]. Radiological Society of North America, Inc.; c2021. Radiation dose in X-ray and CT exams [reviewed 2019 Mar; cited 2021 Apr]. Available from: http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=safety-xray
- Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission [Internet]. Government of Canada. Natural background radiation [modified 2020 Nov; cited 2020 May]. Available from: : http://nuclearsafety.gc.ca/eng/resources/fact-sheets/natural-background-radiation.cfm
- Tammemagi MC, Katki HA, Hocking WG, Church TR, Caporaso N, Kvale PA, et al. Selection criteria for lung-cancer screening. N Engl J Med. 2013 Feb;368(8):728–36.